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January 22, 1955     Southern Cross
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January 22, 1955

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JANUARY 22, !955. THE BULLETIN OF THE CATHOLIC LAYMEN'S ASSOCIATION OF GEORGIA NINE h I I I I III Bishop John, England --Part II Bishop Eng:and, accompanied by Father Brc.wne, arrived in Sa- ":mnah January 18, 1821, for his rsct wslt to the Georgia region of his vast diocese. Father Charles, who had ser;d as pastor in Sa- vannah practically all the time from 1803 to 819, also minister- ed at times t the Augusta, Locust Grove and ec, ast island Catholics, had left for France late in 1819; his last record in the parish books is dated December 4 of that year. Father Cooper went from Augus- ta from time o time to visit the Savannah congregation, but his duties in ;ugusta and. Lcust Grove' made frequent trips im- ossible. When Bishop England rrived in Savannah, there had n no priest there since Father per's mo;t recent visit in Oc- tober. 1820. The Bishop said Mass in the little church January 19, heard confessions and pre ached at the morriing-and evening serv- ices. The next morning twelve persons received Holy Commun- ion. Bishop Enqand met the trus- tees, found the parish in good condition, and named Father Browne pastor. He remained in Savannah util January 24; more and more Savannah Protestants supplemented the congregation to By RICHARD REID, K. S. G. two priests, Father Browne, new- ly appointed to Savannah, and Father Cooper, a recent arrival in Augusta. The number of Cath- olics in these congregations and in the little clusters along the coast was but a fraction of a thousand. In 130 years, less than the Biblical lifespan of two per- sons, the Diocese of Savannah- Atlanta has by the grace of God, evolved to its present status, des- pite difficulties surpassed by no other state in the Union. Bishop England And Florida As the Ordinary of Charleston, Bishop England's jurisdiction ex- tended not only over the Caro- linas and Georgia but, for a time, Florida as well. is career in the Episcopate is not merely a Cath- olic history of this area, but an index of the Catholic Church in the United States in his day. From the earliest days of his episco- pate, he was the outstanding per- sonage among the Bishops of the nation. As the editor and publish- er of The Miscellany, he was the founder o the Catholic Press in the United States. Msgr. Peter Guiday wrote that tradition has given him the title of "Father of our Provincial Councils." He perhaps spoke before more secular groups--the Legislature of South Carolina and the Congress made in 1829 to the Society fo'r the Propaggation of the Faith in Lyons. In the three Georgia par- ishes there were of course no schools, and none elsewhere in the Diocese. The Bishop knew that native vocations could not be a source of supply for the clergy for generations to come. Vocations elsewhere in the Unit- ed States were also scarce, for similar reasons. He realized that depending on vocations from abroad was precarious. He resolv- ed therefore to fund his own sem- inary in Charleston, a rash ven- ture when one considers that at the time he had practically no money and only six priests. Of these, Father Fenwick was soon recalled to Georgetown to be- come procurator of the Jesuit Pro- vince of the United States. Fath- er Wallace, also recalled, asked to be permitted to withdraw from the Jesuits; he devoted his time to teaching at the College of Colum- bia and to mathematical and as- I I III cese; he also successfully invited I James' Church, Brooklyn; he died Father Francis O'Donoghue and in 1860. Father Fielding left the Father Timothy McCarthy.. On] Diocese in 1840 after about two December 5, 1821, he held the first [ years of service in Savannah. priest's retreat, attended by Fath-/Father Maloney was sent from ers Fenwick, who had not yet Savannah to Washington, N. C., left, Browne, Twomy, O'Hannon, O'Donoghue and McCarthy. He ent Father McCarthy to Savan- nah to succeed Father-Browne, who subsequently served many years in Charleston, and he ap- pointed Father O'Donoghue to Augusta and Locust Grove. Fath- er Wallace was temporarily min- istering to the congregation at Columbia while teaching at'the college there. Father McEnroe Again there were dishearten- ing withdrawals.. Fathers Doyle, Twomy, O'Hannon and McCar- thy left at about the time Father Fenwick was recalled. Undaunted, the valiant-hearted Bishop sought  replenishments. He found recruits in Father John McEnroe and Father Edward Swiney. Father tronomical research instead of to McEnroe, a native of Ireland, was parish and missionary work. Fath- ordained there in 1820 and soon er Cooper in Augusta asked for came to Charleston. The respect his exeat so that he might re- Bishop England had for his abil- turn to EmmitsbUrg, Md., where ity is indicated by the fact that he was associated with Mother he sent him to Cuba to secure Elizabeth Seton and the founding assistance for the Theological of the Sisters of Charity. This left Seminary. Father McEnroe was only Father Browne, pastor at welcomed by the Bishop of Ha- as pastor in 1841, and was ap- pointed pastor of the Church of Sts. Philip and James in-Colum- bus, Ga., in 1843. He died there July 18, 1884, after a brief illness, fortified by the Last Sacraments administered by Father Patrick J. Coffey, who was assistant at Macon. A native of Limerick, Ire- land, Father Maloney was only in his thirty-second year when he died. 'J. .... Who Is He? A Picture Quiz he_dr him preach. The mayor and of the United- States included-- other teading citizens invited him than aiay Bishop of his own or to speak in he Protestant Episco- succeeding generations. His ad- pal Church an invitation ne de- clined "for the present." When he 1"" eft for Augtisa he was accomp- anied by Fa',her Browne. He ap- pointed John Dillon to read pray- ers at Mass on Sunday unt!l Fath- er Browne'b return, a duty Mr. dress before Congress, on January 18,1826, was delivered in the pres- ence of President John Quincy Adams: He was the Preacher on more major occasions, such -as the consecrations of Bishops and the dedications of churches, than Savannah, Father Gallagher, who was inactive and had withdrawn to St. Augustine and then New Orleans, and Father Corkery, who succeeded Father Cooper in Au- gusta and died in September, 1821. School Of Theology Yet Bishop England not only succeeded in establishing his Dillon had performed in previous years when the priest was absent. Visit To Augusta In Augusla Bishop England confirmed Father Cooper's ap- pointment as pastor; he found the eohgregation deeply disturbed by the apostacy of the former pastor, Father John Egan, less than two Years beforE. Thirty persons re- ceived Holy Communion at Sun- day Mass. "Leaving Augusta Sun- day afternoon January 28, the Bishop and Father Browne reach- : ed ,Varrenton by stage coach the following noon. then going by ear- ridge to Locust Grve. Here the Bishop remained a week, saying Mass. preaching, baptizing, con- firming and making-use of his time to write to Catholics any of his brethren in the hier- arcy. He was the most popular preacher in Boston, New York and Philadelphia. He was on friendly terms with more nota- bles, Americans and European, than any of his contemporary clergy, irrespective of creed. His fame was worldwide. He delivered the sermon at the Mass Fame Was Worldwide in Rome for Charles Carroll of Carrollton when word reached the Eternal City of the death of the last survivor of the signers of the-Declaration of Independence. He was the first American Bishop to serve the Holy See as an en- voy. His years in the episcopate have been the subject of several volumes, and many more could be School of Theology but a Philos- ophical and Classical Seminary. He himself frequently taught five classes a day. Opened in 1822, the Seminary continued until 1851, nine years after the Bishop's death. Msgr. Joseph L. O'Brien in his "John England--Bishop of Charleston" says that sixty priests were trained there in this period, four of whom became members !of the hierarchy. They were Bish- op Andrew Byrne of Little Rock, the founder and first pastor of St. Andrew's Church, New York City; Bishop John Barry of Savannah; IBishp Patrick N. Lynch of Charleston, and Bishop John Moore of St. Augustine. Its alumni included also such distinguished men as the Rev. Dr. vana, but he received only a few private benefactions because of a rule which required appeals to have prior authorization of the King of Spain. As early as 1823 Father McEn- roe spent several weeks in St. Augustine which, with all East Flbrida, was at the request of the Bishops of Havana and New Or- leans, under" the jurisdiction of Bishop England. After returning from Cuba he served in Augusta. His health failing, he returned to Ireland; after recovering, he vol- unteered for service in Australia and rendered distinguished serv- ice there, where he died in 1868. Savannah's pastor after Father McCarthy left was Father Joseph Stokes, previously a missionary in I North and South Carolina. He ]a- [ bored in Savannah and onits mis- I sions until 1835, when he went i I to the Diocese of Cincinnati. He I subsequently affiliated with the i Diocese of Hartford, serving as t pastor of St. Patrick's Church, Providence, when Rhode Island was in the Hartford See. He died in 1854 in Saratoga, N. Y. The priest above belongs to an Order founded in France in i865 by Bishop Belchoir Marie-Jo, .qeph de-Marion Bresilac, who with this entire group of mis* sionaries met death in the first l few weeks of the apostolate in': West Africa. Father Augustine Planque took up the task of[ continuing this noble work. Tho Society has for its chief aim the sanctifica'tion of its memo] bers and is pledged to accept any mission entrusted to it by the Holy See. Especially devot* ed to the con%ersion of Negroes in Africa, the mission field of the American branch is the Ne. gro republic of Liberia. Corn*: monly known as the African Mission Fathers the full title of this Order is the Society of Afri can Missions (S.M.A.). Guid*] throughout he state asking them about-Catholics in their respect- ive areas. He left Locust Grove on Febru- ary 6: this v:as then the western outpost of his Diocese; Atlanta came into being a long generation later. At Warrenton he met and became a fz'iend of three Chero- kee Indians. An attack of rheu- matism delayed him in Augusta for a week, but it did not curtail his activities appreciably, espe- cially his sermons, which were heard by large congregations. He established a book society there, the first of many he organized. From Augusia he went to Colum- bia, where he preached at Colum- bia College; now the University of South Carolina, and in the courthouse. He returned to Charleston February 21. This was :he second visitation to Georgia by a i51shop; the first written about him without ex- James A Corcoran, the first na- Father O'Neiil post photo (NC Photos) hausting the material provided by rive of South Carolina to become  _ his amazing career and its influ- a priest, and Father A. P. Hewitt, His successor in'av, annan.was ence on the Church in America. a pioheer among the Paulists Father Jeremiah F. O Neill, who Appointment of Father Ber- The demands made on his time Bishop England sent Dr. Corcoran I remained there unhl h 2eath nard Lenarz as the new editog and energy by his engagements I to the College of the Propaganda omy x z. 18m, amer u.lseiu nan of the St. Cloud edition of Thg elsewhere and particularly by his in Rome, where he was ordained l as asslstansamer r a.r!cKn.acK- Register, diocesan newspaper, et in lbl, eamer i-'nillp IJilIlCK assignment as Apostolic Delegate December 21, 1842. He labored in l has been announcett by Bishop to Haiti, which occupied much of the Diocese of Charleston until in 1838, Father John Fielding in Peter W. Bartholome of St. his attention from 1833 to 1837, 1868, when he became professor 1839, and Father Thomas Moloney Cloud. Father Lenarg also was in 1840. At the time of Bishop named pastor of Annunciation took him away from his Diocese of theology at St. Charles Bor- England's death in 1842, Father I when he felt he was particular- romeo Seminary, Philadelphia; " Church at Mayhew Lake. He had ' " " " i ONelb was serwng hm vast m so[been servin in Belgrade He ly needed there. He mentioned he was a theologian at the Vati- sion alone; it included "Cockspur had been servin in Bel irade this to Pope Gregory XVI when can Council in 1866, as well as at " eg; W his appbintment as envoy to Haiti previous Councils of Baltimore. Island, three or four sections of He succeeds Fath illia Fur" the Central of Gergm Railroad, , " ' ]lan, who has been editor of the was being discussed; the Holy See First Visit To Baltimore St. Mary s, Jekyll Island, ,, and other I paper since 1952. Father Furlan reassured him by appointing a But in i821 Bishop England% I was assigned as a full professor Coadjutor in the person of Bishop School of Theology was only a parts of Glynn County William Clancy from Cork. He hope. In the fall of that year he Fathehr Hackett was transfer-lat Cathedral High School son fund that he was nt suited to paid his first visit to his Metropoli- red from Savannah to East Flori-I (Copyright 1955) the work of such a missionary tan, Archbishop Marechal of Bal- da, where he attended Fernan- Diocese and wi[hdrew, timore; then going toPhiladelph- dina, Amelia Island, Iacksonville,. The scientist's personal aco Status Of Diocese ia and New York. In New York he and other stations. Father Gillick 4 counting before God will. be There was probably not more was the guest of his friend Father ordained in 1827, went fromlmuch more exacting than that than 1,500 Catholics in his Vast Power, pastor of St. Peter's Charleston to the North Carolina l of most others, His Holiness Church. On this trip he interested Missions. In 1838 he left Pope Plus XII told delegates attending the tenth general as- Father Henry Doyle of Trenton nah for New York, where he was sembIy of the International Un- and Father John Twomy and at first assistant to Father Byrne ion. of Geodesy and Geophysics. Father Anthony O'Hannon of at St. James' and St. Andrew's They were received in audience Philadelphia in coming to his Dio- Churches, and later pastor of St. at the papal summer residence. " was that of .s=" hop Altamirano in'Diocese, and "375 communicants, 1606. At the time ot blsnop Eng-200 in South Carolina, 150 in land's visit: here were in the Georgia and 25 in North Caro- state three churches, in Sannah, lina", according .to a report on Augusta and - Locust Grove. and 1820 conditions Bishop England