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Southern Cross
Savannah, Georgia
May 24, 1930     Southern Cross
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May 24, 1930

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4 THE BULLETIN OF THE CATHOLIC LAYMEN'S ASSOCIATION OF GEORGIA MAY 24. 1930 ! Asheville Church!Famed as Jk00:chitecl:aral Gem: ST, LAWRENCE'S ONE OF SOUTH'S NOIED EOIFICES First Mass Said in City in 1840 by Bishop Barry. First Resident Priest There in 1887. Fr. Bour Pastor In the Church of St. Lawrence of this city, of which Rev. Louis J. Bour, A. M., Ph. L, is pastor, the Diocese of Raleigh has one of the most artis- tic and beautiful churches in the South, located in a parish with an in- teresting history dating back over four score years The history of the parish of St. Lawrence goes back to IA0, when Father John Barry, later Bishop of Savannah, came to Ashe- ville to visit the Catholics hire. In 1866 Roy. J. J. O, Connell erected an altar on the summit of Mount Mit- chell and said Mass. Two years later Bishop James Gibbons, then vicar- postolic of North Carolina, made his way by stage coach and horse back to Asheville. then a little known mountain village The future Cardi- nal purchased here for a moderate sum about seven and a half acres in the center of the town from Col. N. A. Woodfin. While Colonel Woodfin and the Catholics of the place con- tributed liberally toward a fund to erect the church, Fathers L. P. and L J. O'Connell had to go abroad to raise money for the edifice which was erected in due time, a brick structure dedicated to St. Lawrence. Bishop Gibbons chose the name of St. Lawrence because he was the patron saint of Father L. P. O'Con- nell, to whom the CatHolics of the Carolinas owe so much. This little church stood on what is still known as "Catholic Hill," where the school for colored children now stands. The church was served by I traveling missionaries like Father Price who afterwards became a co- founder with Father Walsh of Mary- t knoll", training school for priests for i foreign missions, and who died him-I self while laboring in China for the I salvationpf souls. I The first resident pastor in Ashe- I ville was Roy. J. B. White, who came I in 1887. Father White secured the present property and erected a mod- erate wooden edifice and residence. Th choice of the site was an evi- dence of the fine business judgment of Father White, who is resnonsible as well for the fine locations of churches in other North Carolina cities. Other pastors of the Church of St. Lawrence were: Rev. Msgr. Peter G. Marion and Rt. Rev. Msgr. Patrick F Marion, Roy. Frances J. Gallaghex was assistant to Msgr. Peter Marion and Roy. James A. Manley assistant to Monsignor Patrick Marion.. The present scholarly pastor, Rev. Louis Joseph Bout, M. A., Ph. L., succeed- ed Monsignor Patrick Marion. Roy. Peter McNerney is his assistant . The Church of St. Lawrence, which can be described onlY' as bing ex- quisitely beautiful, was-consecrated October 13, 1920, the first and only i Rev. Louis J Bour, M. A., Ph. L., ! Pastor of St. Lawrence Church, Ashe-. t cille, a pioneer radio speaker in the South, who delivers one of the prin- cipal addresses at the annual dinner of the Catholic Press Association at the Grove Park Inn, Friday night... ) Rev. Peter McNerney, cura|e at St. 1 Lawrence's Church, .Asheville ---- I " standing at the foot of the main aisle that we realize the beauty-of the' ellipse and the wonder of the dome. Mr. Gustavino's mastertx__:e; it is built wholly of tiles and is entirely self-supporting, having a clear span of 58 by-82 feet, and is the largest dome of\\;elliptical type over any church in this County. It was wholly donated by Mr. Gustavino and erect- ed under his daily supervision; and it had not long been completed when he was suddenly stricken with a dan- gerous illness which proved fatal; and, as was only fitting, his body :now !i::i?:!!!'! iii;;iiiii ::::::::::::::::::::::: .............. ....... :'iiiiiiiiiiii !ii.... iiii!iiiiiiiiiii!i) ii i:: i::ii :! !:i::ii!i:!i!ii:. ....................... Front view of St. Lawrence's C hutch in the convention city @ , St. Lawrence's Rectory, ASheville, one of the finest rectories in the South. Father Bout Pastor o{ St J2awrence's at Ashevill,; 11 feet by 18 feet in length. Pioneer in Radio Broad- THE LADY CHAPEL casting of Catholic Doe- r school of Education, lm specialized in the psychology of education and spent three years in research work under the direction of Dr. Thomas. V. Moore and Dr. Edward E. Pace. Father.Bour has to his credit a com- plete" scientific solution in the field of apperception. The work is en- titled "A Genetic Study of the Limits of Apperception." He received, his degree as Licentiate of Philosophy, Ph. L., at the close of 1913. Later Father Bour served as direc- tor and headmaster at the Extension school at Washington, D. C. There he worked under Dr. Thomas Shields in introducing a new method of teaching doctrine in the schools. En- tering the theological seminary at Rochester, N. Y., Father Bour com- pleted his studies at that institution, and was ordained to the priesthood- by the Rt Roy. Leo Haid, O .S B. Bishop of the Diocese of North Caro- lina. After ordination he was first as- signed to the Cathedral in Wilming- ton where he remained for a period of two years laboring in the capacity of Cathedral Curate and Missionar Rector The spiritual ministrations unto the inhabitants of thirteen small towns depended upon him. While at Wilmington the Bishop appointed him headmaster and director of St. Mary's School; which is attached to the Par- ish in that city; at this institution he labored with every effort to modern- l ize the methods of teaching as well as the equipment. The Sisters of Mercy aided him in this arduous un- dertaking.. In the year 1917 he was transferred to Asheville as Administrator of the Parish of St. Lawrence as the Re%l Patrick Marion, the pastor in chargl at that time, was in ill health and un- able to attend to the duties incum bent upon him. Upon the death o Father Marion, Father Bout was ap- pointed pastor on August 8, 1922. During the thirteen years of his ad- ministration of the parish he has ac- complished many interesting pieces of work including the remodeling and refurnishing of the church. In the early part of the year 1927 Father Bout purchased the spacious and beautiful residence of Dr. Gard- ner in West Asheville and founded the second parish of the City of Ashe- ville. This parish is under the patron- age of St. Joan of Arc. With educa- tion as his hobby and ever interested in the advancement of the cauc? he immediately went to work and at the middle of September he opened the doors of the first parochial school in Asheville with the Sisters of Christian Education in charge This- school is open to Catholic and Non- Catholic children Some seventy:t pupils registered the very first day. For a number of years Fath Bour was on the teaching staff ef College of St. Genevieve-of-the as special examiner and lecturer History and Social Sciences He also much in demand in the variou spheres of civic activities as speaker In this diocese cf Raleigh Father Bour is tbe pioneer to broadcast the Catholic Church Doctrines and prin- ciples over the radio station. He has just completed a series of radio talks , over station W. W. N. C. up in &she- ville--the Land of the Sky, his masterful and scholarly presentation merited for him the finest cam- church consecrated in the Vicarite of North Carolina. Cardinal Gibbons in his sermon on that occasion told how fifty years before he had come over the mountains to dedicate the first Church of St. Lawrence. Rt. Roy. Philip H. McDevitt, D. D, Bishop of Harrisburg, officiated at the con- secration service Rt. Rev. William T. Russell, D. D., Bishop of Charleston, was celebrant of the. Pcntificial High Mass, Rt. Roy. Leo Haid, O. S. B., D. D., Vicar- Apostolic of North Carolina, del:er- ed the consecration sermon, and Rt Rev. D. J? O'Ccnnell, D. D., Bishop of Richmond, a nenhew of the Father O'Connells so instrumental in the erecting of the first St. Lawrence It would be hard to find anything trines Will Address Editors I mendations from all classes of societ rests in a cryot especially built near of its kind more exquisite than Lady ,  land from the adherents of many I the entrance o'f the Lady Chapel. He Chapel. The prevailing coloz  is a at Annllal llnner I the various relig'ious persuaions. His delicate blue which forms a beauti- I method was oositive and informative ful back ound for the Creamy white hr an gr " (By J HALLAN COURTNEY, M. A) --" m - d absolute yet without: the marble statute of Our Blessed Lady  The Roy. Louis Joseph Bour, M. A, savour cf antagomsm Many requests as the Immaculate Conception, retha Ph L. pastor: of St. Lawrence [have been sen in by the radio audi- ngure suggesung a once me g I r, z.:._z.' ..u^ ...i n 'r's the Catho , once to have the series extended He picture by Murlllo and possessm,, the i llo oditnr at their annual dinner at hopes to resume the radm talks with " " n ....... o . . , same sort of vtrgirml purity a a  rev Par Inn May 24 'was Im a short tme. Father Bour' sweetness. Inserted in the upper pa t i. .... +  .... ,. D..  T -  ooo scholastic atta, nments his exnerien,B rb 1 anel "   ......... , . ., ec. , ooo. . - ,  o, fthlsalr. .s a,,supe. d p ,C-' He was the sixth child among the an fTensm a.vroach and hi;s we)] lne .rUelllXlOn aLtrlDUteo, to ,lte -, - ', * -    a . neT mouulaeo voice nave made hi. famous old tter of Ca o di Monte ' mlreen cnlmren oi onn .... u ....  . .... po Y .,P ] Anfhn Rnmminor Bour The family I broadcastmg very popular, ill in Italy. On either sine are onyx :-'"7-'-;'"'-.--.. " 1 tiles. The tabernacle below is an-llsI., rencn extraruon. ....... I Hi latest accshment a as other ex~uisite iece of faience in a amer tour attenoea me tamonc o s v, -a P . I -r-m-r school and the Catholic hiah ] tar of St. Lawrence is the erection of I pearly cream glaze touched here ana o,,  ......  a ma-siv- nd rti ....... o-1 stiereisWiatlitterigoSiald:.wiOth n ter I :   yeCrarno. eutnnLaern tory--a ;ratur: :w?ly'nurckn;;?Cg containing th.e follow'rag Saints. ,owith [SHt  Franmeeegiat Cnnnatza?h" ] Wc_:_ma IeUoChUr:h foSJdo.L_Lf;j melt respecxlve symools oegimaln ax " thcus ' " o " " and dollars. The interior ap the extrorno lff- .qt Mrnrot Nt I Francis college in 1909, and matrlCU-I ...... , 7- Lucia -S-t'"-Cecila St. Catlerin'e o I lated in the fall of 1909 at the Catho- ] pemments are truly m.oern and iit -, ' - " -' -;" - -, li- Universit,, of America at Wash- / a styxe oefittmg a" church rectory The I tlexanurla" on me omer Slfle in ne;  , , -" - ...... ao'   ,oo  ao ington D.C. [ Right Roy.. Bzsho.p has his suite which ....................... ' " "=ima' During" ' his" first years at the Uni-ilhe occupms, during his many visits St. Agatha 'and St. Rose of L I ......... to Ashevflle rsl Over the ends of the colonnade are l vers]ty. Jamer lour specialized m " two sisters -t Rufia on the left and schlastm pmiosopny and meomgy. Many of the smaller missions in the St Justa on the right He received his de,ee in Philosouhy state have received substantial aid __ " and Arts at the close of 1911.. En-" from this Parish of St. Lawrence. | Inlaid in the delicate blue field of termg upon postgraduate work in the During the World War, Father 1 tiles at the base of "the altar front  Bour served as Catholic, Chaplain at is an old Italian marble fragment i is of luster glazed tiles, framed in Fort Caswell at Cape Fear, N. C. ; The Main Altar under this altar representingthe Nativity, while; bronze and. is. the entrance to the Later he served as auxiliary chaplaini piece is also most unusual and beau- mrming a frame arounu me tatar crypt in which rests all that was at the U. S. Veterans Hospital a -tiful; its Tabernacle. composed f] front is a series of colored tiles mortal of the generous Catholic and Oteen N. C. He also served faience covered with a pearly, I bearing i n gold lettering titles of gifted architect, Rafael Gustavino, diocen secretary of the Nation creamy glaze represents two angels Our Iady selected fromthose .wh.m to whom the congregation of St. Law- Catholic War Council during thew one on each side, drawing back the  me tnurcn nas appneu o nor m me fence must now and always owe a Father Bout is very proud of the fa=B curtains from the door on which is in relief a figure of Our Saviour hold- ing a cross; the lower part of the altar is made almost entirely of glazed tile of various colors, and in the left the designs and nlans of the Main Altar and Lady Chapel still to be made; but fortunately for Ashe- ville and St. Lawrence Church, he also left a son, Rafael Gnstavino, who inherits his father's skill and genero- sity as well; and this son has most beautifully completed his fat.her's ufl- finished work. To the artistic visitor after admiring the great exvanse of the dome, the next point of interest will probably be the group of the Crucifixion above the Main Altar and this interest will be increased when one finds that the whole design bf the altar was brought Church, graced the occasion by his about by the acouisition of these pro- presence cious relics of the past, bought from a church in Northern Spain This The Church of St. Lawrence is. in  beautiful group is a fine , piece of its exterior, cf Spanish Renaissance lSpanish wood-craving of the middle style, a happy choice since St. Law- seventeenth century, and represents tence was born in Spain, the nat'vel the Blessed Mother of Jesus and St. land also of Rafael Guastavino, the ! John star/ding at the foot of the cros noted architect responsible for the lupon which Our Crucified Lord is esign of the edifice. In the main tdying. Quite apart from its deeply facade is a staute of St. Lawrence as devotional quality, this group is well its central figure. To the rigiaht is the worth detailed study because it is a statute cf St. Stebhen, the first rare and very fine example of Span- martyr and like' St. Lawrence, adea- ish art in the seventth century. con; while to his left is the statue of St. Aloysius Gcnzaga, a native of Spain. as was St. Lawrence. The iunette over the main entrance is in pclychreme terra cotta and repre- sents Christ giving. Peter the keys In walking around outside of the church one is impressed by the mas- siveness'of the stone foundations and by the solidity of the suner-strucO*:e of soft-toned brick, and one begins to see how the architect has planned to make the building fireproof, and, as far as any work of man can be, everlasting; there is not a beam of we,xt or even of steel in the whole edifice; all walls floors, and vau]t- ings are of tile or other masonry ma- terials., and the roof itself is of tile with a copper covc,rlng. Entering the vestibule, which is sep- arated from the church proper by the screens of embossed leather and of stained "glass, one notes again the solidity of the structure, for even steps to the organ .loft are without wood or nails On either side of the main door are two small stained glass windows, but it is only after front is a terra cotta vanel of The Last Suvper, a copy of Leonardo da Vinci's famous fresco in Milan The reredos fills the entire wall space on either side of the apse wall and is made of polychrome terra cotta. Two archangels, St. Raphael and St. Michael, stand one on either side of the altar as if guarding the Crucifix; while to the right of St. Michael and St- Mark; and to St. Raphael's left are St. Luke and St. John. This reredos is unique in that to our knowledge, the use of polychrome terra cotta had not been heretofore attempted on such a large scale for this country. It may be of interest to note tlmt the figures are more than seven feet we have enterefl the church and are high and each half of the reredos is Litany of the Blessed Virgin. Around the arch of this exquisite altar are seven doves, typifying the Seven Gifts of the Holy Ghost; wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, ad the fear of the Lord Tile door to the Sacristy from this chapel is of Spanish design and has a fine old panel representing the Good Shepherd. Above this door is an old painting by an unknown artist portraying the Visitation. On the wall on either side of the door are two small paintings, copies of Italian old masters. The large stained glass windows, represent St. Mary of the Serf, and the small one above St. Rafael, the archangel. On the same wall near the crypt 'of Mr. Gustavino is a very old copy of one of Murillo's famous Madonnas. The door here debt of everlasting remembrance ST. JOSEPH'S CHAPEL On the left of the Main Altar is a much plainer but still beautiful chapel, intended as St. Joseph's, but now generally called Sacred Heart Chapel because of the statue which has been placed there. The altar piece here is a window from the little frame church let into the wall like a panel and representing the Nativity. This altar and walls are largely ms cl of broken bits of tiles done by t h Fathers Marion, who pieced togett e with their own hands *these bits a d made them into this . harmonious whole. The large stained glass win- dow here represents the death of St- Joseph in the arms of Jesus and Mary; and the small one is of St. (Continued on Page Twenty-Five that through his fforts Asheville is the first city in North Carolina which can boast of two Catholic parishes for white congregations. At present Father Bour has as his assistant, Roy. Peter McNerney. The 2allowing have served as Curates under the direction of Father Bour: Rev. AIoysins C. Adler, Rev. Edward E. Rigney, Roy. Walter E. Kealey, Roy. Alfred J.,Duffy, Rev. Victor Mc- Caffrey and Roy. Peter bL Denges. He makes his residence at the new rectory on Haywood Street and.As a =i member of the following: Old Colony I Club; Elks, charter member of the Optimistic Club of Asheville, a meln- ber of the Knights of Columbus of which he is Past Grand Knight,_ Chamber of Commerce member, and: member of several University Frats.- His hobbies are educationalproblems | an d scientific research work,