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June 6, 1931     Southern Cross
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June 6, 1931

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3UNE 6 1931 PAPAL PROHOUNCEMENT TIqE BULLETIN OF THE CATHOLIC LAYMEN'S ASSOCIATION OF GEORGIA 5 ON ECONOMIC JUSTICE OUILINED Holy Father Discusses It in Radio Address to World Ecyclical Insists on Reconstruction of Economic Order a.s Remedy for Current Evils--Fortieth Anniversary of Pope Leo's Encyclical Observed leaders of their fellows. "Other examples of the beneficent results of the publication of the Encyclical Rerum Novarum were the gradual substitution of a new socal policy more favorable to justice, in place of the formerly supreme liberalism; and the resolute and firm asserting of the right possessed by working men to form associations for mutual aid and legitimate defense of." their common interests, a right which liberalism was endeavoring to impede by an unjust abuse of power. "In actual fact, numerous associa- tions, either of laboring men by themselves or of tradesman, farmers or similar workers, grew up on all sides. These associations by l?utting into practice, in so far as mrcum- stances permitted, the principles lald down by Leo XIII and confirmed by his successors, have merited well and still nerit well of civilization and true social prosperity. POPE LEO'S ENCYCLICAL "MAGNA CARTA" OF LABOR "With good reason, therefore, the Holy Father ends this first part of his Encyclical by affirming that the experience of the past forty years forces the conclusion that "Rerum Novarum" is the Magna CarLa of all CathoLic activity in the social sphere. In the second part, His Holiness goes on to examine the points which lend themselves most to discussion or about which, in view of the changed conditions of modern times, he deems it particularly necessary "to speak in clear and authoritative langOage. "First, the EncycLical vindicates once more, as Leo XIII had done, the full right and even the solemn duty of the Church and of its head to intervene in social problems, not in- deed in technical matters nor for tem- poral ends but in so far as these prob- lems fall under the moral and evange- lical law. "In them he re-affirms the CathoLic doctrine, set forth by Leo XIH con- cerning the right of property and its double character, individual and so- cial, denounciig egoistical individual- sm and colleetivisin as equally perni- :ious errors, and stating briefly what are the duties of ownership and the losition of the state in regard to private property. Speaking of the relations between capital and labor, the two elements of the actual economic regime, the Holy "Father repeats' that neither has th e right to demand for itself alone all the profits of their mutual collabo- rafion He recalls the clear words of Leo" XilI, 'Capil carmot do without labor, n0r labor without capital.' "In the past there has been, be- yong question, an excessive and un- just disproportion of the commodities of life between capital and labor, for on the same hand immense riches are accumulated in the hands of a few, while on the other the proletariat, who form a mutitude beyond all counting, have nothing of their own save their hands and the sweat of their brow. RECONSTRUCTION OF ECONOMIC SYSTF-I NECESSARY, "It is, therefore, absolutely neces- sary to reconstruct the whole econo- mic system by bringing it back to'] the requirements of social justice so / as to insure a more equitable distri-| button of the united proceeds of capi- | tal and labor. | "Thus will be achieved that up-| lifting of the proletariat which Leo XIII so ardently desired. "The differences in social con- ditions in the human family, which were wisely decreed by the Creator, forty years ago. This necessity and must not and can not ever be abolish- this appropriateness are clearly evi- ed,. but on the other hand the con- deuced b the Universal acclaim ' rouen oI me prmeuanan worker can- y I i" -t,h .t,,.] h e  .... clial at the i nt forever be the normal cond tlon i',--/"i':',ubl-ication" an  - he lot the bulk of mankind. It is essen- nsidr ton'in which' it "hasbeen ltial that the proletariat be enabled c .. a , " "  edl held I gradually to obtain some of the ad- continuously anu oese 'v y , . vantages enjoyed by proprmtors and is still held, being, universally l . " regarded as a providential document , .... "-'--J'-'., . . eonstitutin- a blessing bestowed by I an me recen oraer mlS can De ac- "-- "  ..... h .... complished only by a fair and just Gc4n no only upon rlS  urcn ou[ . r   ,,- -- uln all mankind. ' I wase. ,,ages, --aer,ore, .,. such as really to satisfy the legitimate EaNCYCLICAL OF POPE requirements of an honest working LEO Xlll COMMENDED man, not only for his person but also I for his family, and to make it possible "The Holy Father says that, in the [for him tO improve his condition frst place, the new Encycliqpl will within the limits above described.  Continued from Page 1) epressed gratification that the and givers of work" in "that happy throng before him included workers roncord which is necessary for the (hrong before him included "workers $dvantage of everyone." All the eloquence of the Rerum Novarum and all the contents of the forthcoming Encyclical, he told his hearers, can be put into three words --Prayer, Action, Sacrifice, "They are Jew words," he observed, "but full of ignificance. They are the spiritual qords of Catholic Action; . . . glo- 5ous, reverent words." Prayer he described as "the most essential condition of all .... the fLrst and essential condition of all true apostolates, which arms and prepares us with Divine aid." Action he urged "in the domestic circle $nd in social circles--beth private and public, both in foundation and or- garAzation; action of charity and of ustice and of the peace of Christ." acrifice, he reminded, "implies ,vtruggles, difficult and dangerous truggles, together with intelligence, lperseverance and obedience." "Prayer, action, sacrifice." His Ho- llness repeated. "That is the need of this fortieth year to continue and en- large the plan laid down by the Re- axrn Novarum EncycLical .... That is what is necessary to you. After his discourse in the three languages, the Holy Father called up- en "the Holy Ghost to descend upon you and upon your brothers and your sisters in labor, and also upon those who give you employment, and upon those who give to your work the re- tLponsibility and intelligence of their direction." He then imparted the Apostolic Blessing. Following is the text of the state- ment regarding the Encyclical, as it was received over the radio: "Our Holy Father, Pope Plus XI, in his discourse said that, inheriting froni his great predecessor, Pope Leo XIII, a special fatherly interest in the welfare of the laboring ctasses, he was not content with a simple commemoration of the fortieth armi- ersary of the publication of Pope Leo' Encyclical Return Novarum. _ "He decided to make 5bservance ot this anniversary the occasion of the announcement of the proximate pub= lication of a new Encyclical on this same subject, In this new Papal dec= ument, His Holiness explained- to the members of the Church and in- dicated to the world at large an am- e program which still remains to accomplished before the courag- eous and splendid'initiatlves of Pope Leo XHI can be said to have com- Ifletely attained their.fruition.. : "In anticipation of tl'e publication of this newEncyc2iai: the Holy" Father gave an Outline of its contents to those of his children who from all parts of the world have come to Rome in pilgrimage on this oc- casion to gather together in the home ef the Father 'of all the faithful, which is also their home, for the Father's home is always the home of his childrtn. "These pilgrims are representatives 'both of laborers and of captains of .ndustry, and by their presence they hadicate the gratitude of both labor- ers and employers to the Vicar of Christ for enunciatipn of those prin- ciples the observance of which will nsure the welfare of all. "'The Encyclical takes its title, Quadragesimo Anne, which means 'in the fortieth year: from its first two words, that appropriately indicate the anniversary which occasions its pub- lication. "The Encyclical commences by re- calling the necessity and opportune- aess of the Encyclical Rerum Nova- rum, which means 'of new things', "Toward the end of the second part, the Holy Father traces the general lines according to which the social order must be renewed if it is to cor- respond with the laws of justice. "All opposition between the classes must cease, and harmonious collabora- tion must be established between the various trade groups. Work is not any kind of salable commodity, but one in which the human dignity of the "working man must always be re- spected. "The various trades, indffstries and occupations must all Work ogether for: the common good, and human society will be the mdre' c0rdiaIIy united and' ' harmoniously " orghnlzed : the 'tam'e: i ifully 11 d 'each practice' their enumerate the foremost among the many inestimable benefits which have resulted from the Encyclical "Rerum Novarum." These are, for example, the establishment of a solid founda- ton and the imparting of an ef- ficacious impulse to the development of sociology and economics according to Catholic principles; ,promoting of an ever more thorough and profound instruction and information of work- nen in religious, moral and social mbjeets, thus rendering them more conscious of their dignity as men and as Christians, fitting them to safe- guard the moral and economic i in- terests of their classes with knowledge and competence and .prudence, thus becom6atg, in such movements# l:le Bishop Ha{ey Ordains Three at Asheville Rev. Richard E. Barrettf Philadelphia, Rev. Edward T. Gilbert, Brooklyn, and Rev. John B. Murphy of Ireland to Labor in Diocese of Raleigh REV. RICHARD E. BARRETT (Special to The Bulletin) l ASHEVILL, N. C. -- For possib y the first time in the history of Catholicity in Western North Caro- lina the Sacrament of Holy Orders was conferred here Sunday, May 31, when Rt. Rev. William J. Havey, D. D., Bishop of Raleigh, ordained three young men, Rev. Richard E. Barrett, of Philadelphia; Rev. Edward T. Gilbert, of Brooklyn, and Rev. John B. Murphy, of: Dungarvan, County Waterford, Ireland, priests for the Diocese of Raleigh. Rev. Louis J. Bout, Ph. L., pastor of St. Lawrence Church, the beauti- ful edifice in which the ordinations took place, was assistant priest, Roy. Peter Denges, Nazareth, N. C., mas- ter of ceremonies, and Ray. Arthur J. tLacette, of Asheville, assistant master of ceremonies. Sponsors for the newly ordained prxests were Rev. J. McCoy, Little Rock, Ark., for Father Barrett; Father Albert. O. S. B., for Father Murphy, and Rev. Henry Blanc, Oteen, N. C., for Father Gilbert. REV. EDWARD T. GILBERT bc, ok-bem'er; John Lominac and Joseph Hill were acolytes. Preceding the Mass there was a procession from the rectory to the church. The altar decorations were under the direction of the Altar Society, Mrs. Stelling, president, and Mrs. Brandle, secre- tary; Miss liargaret McIntyre donated many of the flowers. After the Mass the newly ordained priests and other clergy were guests at a dinner at the rectory, after which the new clergy were entertained by members of the parish. Father Barrett is a native of Phila- delphia, where he was born October 19, 1903. After attending St, Colum- ba parochial school and Roman Catholic High School. from which he was graduated in 1922, he entered St. Francis College, Loretto, Pa., in 1923, receiving his Bachelor of Arts degree there in 1927 and his Master of Arts degree this year. He studied philosophy and thee ogy at St. Fran- cis College from 1927 to 1931. Father Barrett was varsity halfback in1926 The chanters of the Litany were and 1927, was associate editor of Rev. Francis Gallagher, West Ashe- "Alvernia," the college publication, utile, and Rev. Paul Termer, Hen- and, of "Moriale,". the seminary year dersonville; John Taft was mitre- book. For the past four years he has bearer; William Taft crozier-bearer; been prefect of discipline at St. William Richmond, and Charles Hill, Francis College; he is a member of ! own professions and follow their own votions. STATE OF ECONOMIC WORLD NOT EVIL IN ITSELF "In the third part, finally, the Holy Father, from his lofty Apostolic chair, casts a general glance at the actual state of the modern economic world. He does not condemn it as evil in it- self but he cannot fail to recognize- that it is seriously warped and burd- ened with grave abuses. "Free and often unbridled competi- tion has been succeeded by the exag- gerated concentration in the hands of a few of the whole economic lwer. not only of single nations but of the entire world, and this concentration and this power degenerate into tyran- nical despotism. "The only efficacious remedy for this disorder is the return to the same principles "of Christian social philosophy, and their prudent applica- tion to capital, to labor and to the relations between the two. "Socialism, too, which has boasted of supplying a radical remedy for this same evil--a remedy which was worse than the disease itself--has under- done a profound modification since the days of Leo XIII. It has split into two divisions. The first, which draws all the logical consequences, even the most extreme, from the principles of Socialism, has takeh the name of Communism, and it is well known that its teachings can in no wise be re- conciled with the doctrines of the Church. "The other, which continues to be known as Socialism, has frequently and notably mitigated its program. In many points it has approached, now more, now less, so close to Catholic social principles that some are asking themselves whether now the diver- gence is not one of name only. SOCIAIASM FUNDAMEnTaLLY OPPOSED TO GOSPEL " "The Holy Father, however, does not hesitate to declare solemnly that this Socialism (provided, of course, it really remains Socialism), even in mitigated form and even though many points of its teachings are in them- selves comformable to justice and admitted by the Church, is neverthe- less a fundamental concept of human society so different from the true concept given to us by the Gospel, *hat any agreement in doctrine re- mains always absolutely impassible. "It is not possible to be at once a good Catholic and a true Socialist. "At this point the Supreme Pontiff, with fatherly affection, exhorts and entreats those erring sons who, de- ceived by false hopes, havegone to swell the ranks of Socialism, to re- turn without delay to the bosom of the Church Which they have done ill to abandon. "He urges them to enroll themselves among those groups of generous men who, according to the principles given by Leo XIII, are striving With" every nerve to establish, on a sound basis, jUstice and'charity in human society: : "The Holy Father then passes on to indicate with greater precision the remedies for-present evils. "With keen insight. "he observes that the root of the disorder, both in the modern economic world in general and in Socialism, lies in men fxing their eyes on earthly goods without heed of God and of things eternal. "The principal' remedy, therefore, be applied to the root itself by rmmng up men's hearts and minds to God and filling them with nobler and purer aspirations. To this end the first urgent need is that men bend their efforts to a serious im- provement of manners and to the establishment of the reign ef justice by which the whole social and econo- mic order should be inspired. "Even then, however, a wide field will always remain open for charity, which is and never will be the only true and efficacious bond which can unite all men together and make them one single family. "In this renovation of society on the basis of the Gospel and of Chris- tian charity, all men of good will ought to concur. "On this account, the Holy Father rejoices to see the initiative and zeal with which not only the clergy but also the laity in large numbers, and even many young men filled with the spirit of Catholic Action, are laboring in the various countries, and he stim- ulates them with fatherly encourage- ment to devote themselves untiringly to this noble end. "For if a condition of affairs diametrically opposed to Christian principles were to prevail, as may in- sist, the disaster would be terrible. Strong as she is in God's infallible promises, the Church does not fear for herself, but she fears for so many of her sons, for so many souls who would be lost. "All must work together, therefore, for the common good, in comllete harmony and discipline, each at his own post and in his own sphere seek- ing only the interests of God and the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. "With this paternal exhortation con- cludes the important document that the Holy Father offers as a precious jubilee ift to his dear sons, and through them, to the whole world, wishing and imploring for all the blesngs of Heaven." KEV. JOHN- 13. MURPHY Alpha Delta Phi, the honora> social science fraternity of the college. Father Gilbert was born May 4, 1902, in Ercoklyn, and was graduated at Bryant High School, New York City, in 1920. He subsequently at- tended New York University, St. John's College of Brooklyn, St. Fran- cis College, Brooklyn, and St. Fran- cis College, Loretto, Pa., receiving his Bachelor of Arts degree at St. Francis College in 1927 and his de- gree of Master of Arts in 1931. While a student at New York University he was a member of the university wrestling team and active in the glee club and the Newman Club; he is also a member of the Knights of Co- lumbus. Father Murphy was bern in Dun- garvan, County Waterford, Ireland, June 14, 1906, and was graduated from the National School in Ireland and later at Mount Mellary Collei[e, where he made his course in phil- osophy. In September, 1927, he en- tered Mt. St. Mary's Seminary, Em- mitsburg; Md., where he made his theological studies, which he has just , completed. Father Murphy will spend some time in Ireland visiting | his home before taking up his priest- ly duties in the Diocese of Raleigh. George Carey Heads N, Carolina Knlghts ! t Charlotte Council Host to ] Annual State Convention ] (Speeial t o The Bulle/) , .:. CHARLOTTE, N." C.--George '. Y. "1 Carey was elected state deputy of the North Carolina State Council; Knights of Columbus, at the annual meeting ! here recently. Mr. Carey succeeds Francis J. Heazel of Asheville, who was elected to the supreme board .0f the Knights of Columbus at the last national convention at .Boston. Other officers elected included N. P,Mul- vaney, secretary. J. J. Allen, treas- urer, C. H. Rider advocate, F. M. Gerling warden and Rev. J. T. ley chaplain. The Charlotte Counca'l. under the direction of William Spain, grand knight, entertained the tnm- vention with a dinner and dance at the close of the sessions. KING OF ITALY HONORS NOTRE DAME PRESIDENT (By N. C. W. C. News Servlee) NOTRE DAME, Ind. -- The Rev. Charles L. O'Donnell, C. S. C., Presi- dent of Notre Dame University, has just received word that he-has been honored with the insignia of "Che- valier of the Order of the Crown of Italy," bestowed by King Xrictor Fan- manuel lit. Discussing the honor, which came as a surprise to him, Father O'Don- nell said he was grtified because he regards it not as a personal distinc- tion but rather as recog.ition of what the University of Notre Dame has done for a large number of Itallan- American youths enre!led here ana given opportunity, to study ]l of the aspects of Italian culture. At Lost Father Jt.rcme, O. S. B. Saint Leo. lla. 'Tis good to kno,x" hat clever Will bloom for suckling bees Above our .grave... Moreover, That we, at la, will plegse. 'Tis good to know a rover With bitterness oppressed. Will yield when all is ever, Some sweetness from his breast.